PENGARUH VARIABEL SOSIAL, EKONOMI, DAN DEMOGRAFIS TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN MOBILITAS ULANG-ALIK TENAGA KERJA KABUPATEN KAMPAR KE KOTA PEKANBARU

Edinur Ilham, Tri sukirno Putro, Deny Setyawan

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the effect of the difference in wages, job opportunities,
education level, age, marital status, number of family, and distance dependents
simultaneously, partially, and the variables that most dominantly influence the
decision to do a roundtrip migration of workers from Kampar to Pekanbaru City. The
data used in this study are primary data obtained by conducting a direct survey to
the research area and conducting interviews based on a questionnaire that has
been compiled to 100 eligible respondents using a logistic regression model. The
location of this research is the Kampar-Pekanbaru Border (SPBU before UIN
SUSKA RIAU), Jalan Garuda Sakti Km 4, the main community access from Tapung
District, Kampar Regency, Pekanbaru Pandau Trans Metro Terminal (Jl. Pandau
Raya) which is the main access to Pekanbaru City and Kampar Regency (Siak Hulu
District). The independent variable in this study is the variable wages, job
opportunities, education level, age, marital status, number of family, and distance
dependents, while the dependent variable is the labor decision to do round-trip
migration. The results of the study found that with a significance level of 5%, there is
at least one independent variable that is statistically significant in influencing the
dependent variable with an LR value of 87.11 and a p-value or prob chi2 <0.05,
namely 0.0049. At the 5% significance level the variables of wages, employment
status, education, age, and distance in this study partially affect the migration status
variable (roundtrip), while the marital status variable and the number of dependents
do not affect the migration status variable (roundtrip). The wage variable is the most
dominant variable that has a significant effect on the decision variable of the return
mobility of workers from Kampar Regency to Pekanbaru City. This can be seen from
the p-value of this variable compared to other independent variables, which is 0.041.


Keywords


Wages, employment opportunities, education level, age, marital status, number of family, distance dependents and the decision of the workers to do round-trip migration

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