Wa Ode Zusnita Muizu, Ernie Tisnawati Sule


The vision of Indonesia 2030, the Indonesian economy is targeted to enter the top 5
world economic power, with economic growth above 7 percent, per capita income of
about US $ 18 thousand and the population of 285 million people. To achieve that,
the economy is focused on industrialization, service and trade as a catalyst for
capital accumulation. In addition, the quality of community life should be modern and
equitable, marked the entry of Human Resources (HR) Indonesia in the top 30
human development index (HDI) in the world. Since 1990, in Malaysia and
Singapore, the pattern of education that leads to the results of research and
competence of human resources output has been implicated for a long time.
Information from the Ministry of Manpower also revealed that Indonesia's education
level is still low (53 percent of elementary school), low productivity (marked by
unemployment of educated workers and lack of inventions or applied research in
science and technology), competitiveness is low. This affects the performance of the
economy. As a result, IMD World Competiveness Yearbook 2005 outlines, from 60
countries of the world, Indonesia's economic performance rankings are in the order
of 60 or the last. This is the weakness of the education model in Indonesia, which
can not be equated with outside education. Especially higher education. What is the
end result of our higher education? Not clear! Then arise the phenomenon of
"contribute" our education with indicators such as: printing many educated
unemployed (coming from college); printing many scholars but not synergizing with
the needs of the business world and industry; and print human resources but lack
the competence and skill that clearly fit the field. The competitiveness of the nation
no longer rests on the richness of natural resources, but is increasingly determined
by innovation (technology) and human creativity in utilizing science. This means
human resource education and training, the key to shaping human capital. too early.
The intellectual capital approach has become the talk of many universities, due to
the fact that the university's primary goal is the production and dissemination of
knowledge and other important emphasis is on research and human resources.
(Elena, 2004), so the input and output are mostly composed of intangibles.
Therefore, this seems inconsistent where there is greater development of
scholarship assessment and management of intangibles for business than higher
education institutions such as universities.


Higher education suistanable development, intellectual capital, competitiveness

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